Breast Cancer Specialist in Pune – Dr. Anupama Mane
Generally, women have to experience surgery as part of their treatment. There are various types of surgeries for breast cancer, and the procedure is done for different reasons, based on person to person.
Are you suffering from breast pain, breast cancer symptoms or any breast-related problems? If yes then get the appointment for one of the well-known Breasts Cancer Surgeon in Pune Dr. Anupama Mane and among the first few Breast Surgeon in India to develop breast surgery as a subspecialty in Onco surgery. She is practicing as a Senior Consultant Breast Surgeon at Jehangir Hospital and Deccan Clinic, Pune. She provides the best Breast Cancer Treatment in Pune.
Today’s need is to know all information about every medical issue and also you all need about which type of breast cancer and what exactly treatment on this cancer. If your doctor has suggested you surgery for breast cancer or you want more information about it, then read this article to know all about different types of surgeries involved to treat breast cancer.
Why Breast Cancer Surgery is done?
Breast Cancer surgery is done for various reasons, such as:
- Removing cancer to a great extent as possible.
- To recognize whether cancer has spread to the lymph nodes under the arms.
- To reduce signs of advanced breast cancer.
- To restore the shape and size of the breast after the cancer is removed.
Based on your particular reason, your medical background, and cancer features, your doctor would advise you a certain kind of surgery. It is necessary to know about all the available options so that you can talk about them with your expert and make a proper choice.
Different Stages of Breast Cancer Surgery
Breast cancer surgery is used to cure cancer of most stages, including:
People at high risk of breast cancer – Individuals with a high risk of breast cancer based on family background or the ailment may have to undergo breast cancer surgery. It is because certain gene mutation or noncancerous breast biopsy may stop the ailment from extending further to other body parts.
Breast Cancer of Early Stage – It is possible to heal small breast cancers with mastectomy or lumpectomy with or without breast reconstruction surgery followed by chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy or targeted therapy.
Non-invasive Breast Cancer – Women diagnosed with DCIS or Ductal Carcinoma in Situ may experience lumpectomy that is followed further with radiation therapy. In a small number of cases, mastectomy without or with breast reconstruction may also be performed.
Recurrent Breast Cancer – There are several cases where breast cancer may happen again after the early treatment process. In this case, additional surgery is performed along with other additional treatments.
Large Breast Cancer – The breast cancer tumor of bigger size is cured with mastectomy, which is followed after chemotherapy, hormone therapy, or targeted therapy.
Breast Cancer Surgeries
There are two main types of surgeries involved to remove breast cancer:
Mastectomy – It is a surgical procedure where the complete breast is removed, including the breast tissues as well as other tissues nearby. There are many distinct kinds of mastectomies. Some of the women may also get done a double mastectomy where both the breasts are removed.
Breast-Conserving Surgery –This type of surgery is also known as lumpectomy, quadrantectomy, segmental mastectomy, or partial mastectomy. In this surgery, only one part of the breast that contains cancer is removed. The main aim is to obtain rid of cancer as well as some surrounding common tissues. The part of the breast to be removed completely depends on the location and size of the tumor as well as more other factors.
Which Surgery You Must Prefer – Mastectomy or Breast-Conserving Surgery?
One critical question posed by most women suffering from early-stage cancer is to decide between Mastectomy and Breast-Conserving Surgery or BCS. The main advantage of BCS is that it allows a woman to keep most of her breast. But in this case, she will also need radiation. Women who get a mastectomy to cure early-stage cancer are less likely to receive radiation.
In a few cases, mastectomy is a better option where the breast cancer tumor is large in size. If you are under worry that having a less extensive surgery would raise your possibility of experiencing cancer again, and then this is not the case. Generally, in some cases, mastectomy does not provide any chance of long-term survival or better results from the treatment. As per the studies, it is possible to execute BCS along with radiation therapy when mastectomy is unable to deliver better chances of survival.
Surgeries Performed to Remove Nearby Lymph Nodes
To recognize whether the breast cancer has spread to axillary lymph nodes or underarm, one or more of the lymph nodes is removed and examined under the microscope. It is an important part of determining the extent of cancer. Lymph nodes are removed either as part of the surgery to remove a breast cancer or as a separate surgery.
The two main types of surgeries performed to eliminate lymph nodes are:
SLNB or Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy – In this method of surgery, the surgeon removes just the lymph node under the arm to which the cancer is expected to spread on an initial basis. Removing one or more such lymph nodes reduces the possibility of side effects from surgery.
ALND or Axillary Lymph Node Dissection – In this procedure, the surgeon removes many lymph nodes from under the arm.
Breast Reconstruction Surgery
Women who experience surgery for breast cancer are offered the option to have breast reconstruction.
If the women have undergone through a mastectomy, then she might want the breast wound to rebuild to restore the look of the breast after surgery. In numerous cases of breast-conserving surgeries, a woman might consider getting fat grafting in the affected breast to resolve dimples left from the surgery. Such an option depends on the particular condition of a woman.
If you want to have reconstructive surgery, it is better that you discuss the same with your Breast Cancer Specialist. This gives the surgery team sufficient time to map out the treatment that might work best for you.
Advanced-Stage Breast Cancer Surgery
Though surgery will not likely cure breast cancer, which has spread to other body parts, it can still be helpful in several situations. It can be useful to relieve symptoms or reduce the pace of the spread of cancer.
The surgery for advanced stage breast cancer is performed when:
- The breast tumor results in an open wound in the chest or breast.
- An area of the cancer increase applies force on the spinal cord.
- To heal blockage in the liver.
- To treat multiple small areas affected by cancer known as metastases, in a particular body part like brain.
- To offer relief from breast cancer symptoms and pain.
There are various kinds of surgeries performed to fight breast cancer. Explore our clinic to find out about the latest treatment options, interventions and tests performed to treat, diagnose, prevent, cure, heal and manage breast cancer. Read More…
Book Appointment Now with Breast Cancer Surgeon in Pune, India – Dr. Anupama Mane, Deccan Clinic, Pune.